Cost and Returns of Snail Farming in Nigeria

Cost and returns of snail farming is one of the critical factors to be considered before investing in snail farming in Nigeria. Cost and returns of snail farming is necessary to evaluate the viability of snail farming for “return on investment”, which however could be foreseeably determined based on certain principles of snail farming.
Usually, the regulating principles of snail farming account for the optimistic and pessimistic views and approach towards the cost and returns estimation of snail farming to provide a clear and accurate situation for the expectation of investment in snail farming. However, to actualize this projection, there is a need to follow strict management practices of snail farming. Also, these principles are vital for a profitable snail farming business in Nigeria.

Cost and Returns of Snail Farming in Nigeria

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Snail Processing Techniques

Snail processing is a very important activity in snail farming and value addition. The main aim of snail processing is to ensure optimum value is gotten from the snails using hygienic processes and techniques.
The type of snail processing techniques adopted has a large effect on the snail meat shelf life, taste and cleanliness.
Snail meat has a sticky substance known as slime, the snail slime must be wash thoroughly to avoid it affecting the snail meat taste and palatability. Discussed below are some of the snail processing techniques.

snail processing

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snail farming in Nigeria

Snail Farming in Nigeria: StartUp Guide

Snail farming in Nigeria has become an important economic activity, recently there has been effort to increase animal protein production. This has brought snail farming in Nigeria to limelight.
Generally, snail farming in Nigeria is widely accepted nationwide due to its low start-up capital, the meat is highly nutritious, it is palatable, and snails are environment-friendly.
Snail farming also encourages cheap and affordable animal products. Snail slime is now used by cosmetics companies, snail shell can be incorporated into animal feeds or used in liming to reduce soil acidity.

Benefits of Snail farming

Low start-up Capital
Compare to other livestock farming like (fish, pig, cattle, and poultry) start-up capital for snail farming is relatively low. You can start small with the little you have and expand gradually.
Environmental Friendly
Snail farming can basically be done anywhere so far the snail environment can be maintained. Unlike other livestock animals, snails don’t produce offensive odour.
Source of Protein
Snail meat is a good source of protein, low in fat and cholesterol content.
Snails are prolific breeders (i.e. they reproduce very fast, snails lay eggs in clutches which hatches between 28-33 days
Snails Products
A lot of snail products are now been used as raw material by various industries. Snail slime which is a slippery whitish substance produced by snails is now been used by cosmetic industries to produce creams and soap used in treating skin related diseases.
Snail shell serves as a source of calcium in livestock feeds. Snail shells are also used for artistic works and decoration.
Breeds of Snails in Nigeria
There are three common breeds of snails in Nigeria namely;
Achatina fulica
Achatina fulica also called garden snail. It doesn’t grow big compared to some breed of snails. It usually takes longer time into maturity and it lays within 200 to 400 eggs in a clutch and can lay up to 2 to 4 times in a year.

Achatina achatina 

Achatina achatina also called the giant snail or tiger land snail, because it shell have a tiger-like stripe .it has a pointed conical shell and can grow up to 30cm in body length. Achatina achatina requires higher humidity compared to other breeds of snails. It also takes a longer time to mature and can lay 200 to 500 eggs per clutch within 2 to 3 times in a year.
Achatina marginata

Achatina marginata also called the giant West African snail, this is the most common breed of snail found in Nigeria. Achatina marginata can live up to 10 years, and attain sexual maturity at 8-10 months and can lay 5 to 20 eggs per clutch within 2-3times in a year. They are fast growing breeds compared to other species.
Things to consider when setting up a snail farm
Snail Farming Environment: Snails thrive best in areas with moderate temperature and high humidity. Snails are easily dehydrated, and wind increases the rate of moisture loose in snail which in turn, leads to the dryness of the animal. Usually, a temperature within 25C -28C is ideal for the snail pen.
Type of Soil for Snail Farming: Snail’s major habitat is the soil, and soil contains some of the components and chemical substances that it needed to survive. However, not all soils are suitable for snail rearing. Loamy soil is the best because it contains all the required nutrients for the snail to thrive.
Stocking density: Adequate stocking will aid in the productivity of your snails. Overstocking leads to low productivity, high mortality rate, and high cannibalism rate.

Snail Pen Construction (Snail House)

Snail pen varies in dimension and type depending on the farmer’s environment, financial capacity and scale of production.
Concrete Pens
They are usually made with blocks and raise above the ground with 3-4 coaches of blocks. The dimension of the pen depends on the number of snails to be stocked. There must be a small gutter at the base of the pen to prevent predators like ant.
Hutch box
This can be square or rectangular in shape, it can be inserted into the soil or allowed to stand on its own.

snail house
Free-range pen
This is usually used in the case of a large scale commercial production. The pen is constructed in a way that it resembles the snails’ natural environment with vegetables and shades been planted in it.

Snail feeding

Snails are vegetarian and will feed on almost anything green. Snails prefer tender leaves and shoots. Avoid giving snails hairy leaves or plants that produce toxic substance. Recent research is snail farming has brought about the introduction of compounded feeds to snails.
Snails feed on either compounded feed, leaves, or fruits like watermelon, cocoyam, pawpaw leaves. Snails are nocturnal animals, they only eat once in a day. It is advisable to study their exact daily consumption of compounded feed in order to avoid wasting the feed.

snail feed formula

Snail Feed Formula

Snails can be fed compounded when the right proportion of the ingredients are known and mix together. The ingredients include the following: Soybean, maize, wheat offal, rice bran, palm kernel cake, oyster shell, bone meal etc.
Snail Breeding
Snails will start to lay eggs when they are sexually matured at 8-12 months or when their weight is between 110-125g. Snails would continue to lay eggs both in the rainy and dry seasons under domestication.
Although snails are hermaphrodites i.e. they have male and female organs, they still need to mate with each other before laying eggs.
Snails produce very fast by laying eggs in batches, usually, the eggs hatch 28-30 days after laying, depending on temperature and humidity of the pen, where the eggs are kept.
Snail Management
Listed below are some management practices that boost the productivity of snails
• Snail housing must prevent predators from getting access into the pen. Major predators include the following; lizards, millipedes, soldier ant, rat etc.
• Soil treatment must be done prior to stocking and after every 6 months to avoid soil contamination and the spread of diseases.
• The humidity of the pen must be maintained always in order to aid activities like snail feeding and egg hatching
• Mulching must be done to help prevent moisture loss from the soil.
• Adequate stocking density must be maintained.
• Remove leftover feeds every morning
• Snails should be given close observation to detect any abnormalities on time
• A proper record of the daily activities should be taken.
Snail Market
Start by creating awareness among individuals beginning with your families, friends and colleagues, restaurants, hotels, eateries etc. Tell them about the nutritional value of snails as well as the economic importance. However, it is advisable that you carry out more research on your own even before you invest a dime in setting up your snail farm.

Price of Snail in Nigeria

On the average the price of a mature snail is between #600-#1000 per one, while Point of lay snails or breeders is between #300 -#500 per one depending on the season, location and value addition (live or processed).

Snail farming in Nigeria Pdf

snail farming guide

Get all the skills and information needed on snail farming from one of the best e-books on snail farming.
This E-book explored the combination of inter-connected aspects, such as housing, breeding, and reproduction, nutrition, disease prevention, control and management to ensure good snail farming practice. This practical booklet focuses on all these subjects and links them to substantial profitability in snail farming.
To get the Ebook click here

Snail farming in Nigeria Video

ways you can make money investing in Heliculture

10 ways you can make money investing in Heliculture

Heliculture is still a fresh and growing business in the Nigeria agricultural sector but its constant growth as really been amazing so many people are investing into snail farming due to its low start-up capital, and high yield and returns snail. Here are amazing reasons why you should invest in Heliculture:
• Income can be generated in heliculture as a breeder, snails could be sold at any age depending on the choice of the farmer/breeder.
• You can make money by raising and selling hatchling to start-up snail breeders. Read More

snail market in Nigeria

Snail Market in Nigeria: A Must Read for Every Snail Farmer

Snail market in Nigeria is rising due to the acceptance of snail meat, which has lead to an increase in demand for snails. The nutritional, medicinal and economic importance of snail meat has encouraged its marketing in Nigeria. The snail market in Nigeria proved profitable due to the estimated positive values of net marketing income and net returns on investment recorded by the farmers, wholesalers, and retailers. The prices of snail range from one location to another and snails are more expensive during the dry seasons. On the average, the price of a matured snails goes for #500- #1000 depending on the size and location.

snail market in Nigeria

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snail feeding


Snail Feeds and Feeding

Snails need carbohydrates for energy, and protein for growth. In addition they require calcium (Ca) for their shells, as well as other minerals and vitamins. Snail meat is low in crude fibre and fat. Snails mainly feeds on green leaves and fruits though they can utilize other ranges of foods. Feed your snails leaves, fruits, or even formulate from the feed mill. Aside from food to grow tissues, snails need calcium to grow shells.

Snail Feed

Leaves: Cocoyam, pawpaw, okra, cassava , water leaf, cabbage, lettuce leaves and Moringa leaves.
Fruits: Mango, pawpaw, tomatoes, water melon, pears. and cucumber.
snail feeding

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Snail Farming in Nigeria PDF

Snail Farming in Nigeria PDF

This E-book Snail farming in Nigeria PDF explored the combination of inter-connected aspects, such as housing, breeding and reproduction, nutrition, disease prevention, control and management to ensure good snail farming practice. This practical booklet focuses on all these subjects and links them to substantial profitability in heliculture.

snail faming guide

Heliculture also known as snail farming has been in existence for a while, as a result of the prevailing economic situation of Nigeria, a lot of Nigerians mostly children have become malnourished due to their inability to consume the appropriate food needed to supply essential nutrient like protein. The above consequently led man to look out for alternative source of cheaper animal protein and the search has led to the rearing and management of edible snail

Snail Farming PDF

This Practical E-book focuses on important subjects such as:
• Introduction to Heliculture (Snail Farming)
• Breeds of Snails
• Snail Environment & Habitat
• Behavioral habits of snails
• Snail Housing
• Types of snail housing system
• Snail Feeding
• Alternative feed stuffs
• Formulated feed
• Snail Breeding
• Snail Egg incubation and Management
• Soil Treatment & Management
• Disease & Predators Prevention
• Snail farming Management
• The Snail Market

Click here to get a copy


Fish farming FISH FARMING AS A LUCRATIVE BUSINESS IN NIGERIA: BEGINNER GUIDEis one of the most lucrative agribusiness in Nigeria. But as lucrative as it is, if not properly managed, the farmer may run at a huge loss.

In his second book on Agribusiness – *Fish Farming as a source of income*, Farotimi Olaoluwa puts down tested and trusted strategies to help successfully run your fish business right from how to get a pond till how to market your fish.

This E-book gives aspiring and beginner fish farmers an in-depth insight about fish farming, starting from site selection to pond stocking to feeds and feeding to fish pond management.

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ways you can make money investing in Heliculture

Choosing Foundation Stock in Snail Farming

 Once a snail farm is established, farmers should source foundation stock from reliable breeders or from agricultural institutes. Foundation stocks are set of snails use for starting breeding, they can also be referred to as parent stock.
The most reliable way of obtaining foundation stock in snail farming is from known breeders, or from agricultural institutes. Foundation stocks might be more expensive than snails from other sources, but they are better and safer because they have been properly fed and managed from hatching. It is recommended to use sexually mature snails, weighing at least 100-125 g, as foundation stock. Breeding should start at the onset of the wet season because that is the time snails normally start to breed. Snails are active at night and on cloudy or foggy mornings. During the day they tend to keep well hidden, so it is best to collect them at night or early in the morning when the sun is low and the humidity high.

Choosing foundation stock in Snail farming

Farmers purchasing breeding stock from snail gatherers or from the market should expect a fairly high level of mortality as a result of poor handling and the adjustment to different foods.
Simple records kept by snail farmers can provide the necessary information. As a general rule, the fastest growers with the strongest shells should be selected as breeding stock. The stronger its shell, the better the snail is protected against predators.
I often advise intending farmers to source for their Foundation stock from reputable farms. Do not buy from market sellers. Most of the stocks there have stayed hooked without food for weeks or months in the market; they may have been demoralized; hence this might affect their reproductive potentials. Don’t fetch or buy baby snails for rearing; buy matured ones so that after they can start mating and reproduce almost immediately they get to your farm.
NOTE: You can order for your foundation stocks@ Maxipharo Agri Consult
CONTACT: 07062385874
for comprehensiveness information, you may order the complete HELICUTURE AS A SOURCE OF INCOME… Contact

snail faming guide

ways you can make money investing in Heliculture

Heliculture in Nigeria (Snail farming)

Snail farming also known as heliculture is another interesting, thriving and profitable agribusiness anyone can venture into.
Ignorance has been a factor that has contributed to the neglect of heliculture in Nigeria. Do you know that snails are now being sold in many stores and supermarket? A lot of people are now buying and consuming snails in most of the developed countries.
So much is yet to be tapped from commercial snail farming. The market is large considering the high demand for a meat low in cholesterol with high concentration of protein; calcium and other vital nutrients.

Snail farming
Benefits of Heliculture in Nigeria

• Heliculture is one of the easiest animal rearing businesses one can engage in. The business is not saturated yet.
• Snails are also a good source of protein. Snails are very popular among weight watchers because they are extremely low in calories and fat. Snail meat is also very beneficial to people suffering from cardiovascular diseases and cancer

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