causes of mortality in poultry birds

Guest Post: Causes of Mortality in Poultry Birds

It have been said that it is impossible to rear birds without recording any mortality. Their conclusion may be out of their personal experience; they must have reared birds and must have recorded mortality frequently resulting to that concluding fact that there must be mortality (on a small scale or large scale, extensive or intensive farming). For the fact that there have been frequent records of mortality in so many poultry farms does not make zero mortality unattainable. Though it has not occurred constantly, but it has been on record.
There are so many things that cause mortality in poultry birds. Many of these are due to mishandling of the bird and not taking proper measures in managing the birds. Poultry birds are so fragile and delicate especially the exotic birds which have not fully adapted to the environmental conditions of the tropical regions.

causes of mortality in poultry birds

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broiler production in Nigeria

Coccidiosis in Poultry

Coccidiosis in poultry is still considered as one of the main diseases affecting the performance of poultry birds reared under the intensive system of management. Coccidiosis is a common disease in poultry and it is prevalent among different kinds of livestock animals, even though it is species-specific. Coccidiosis in poultry is characterized by enteritis and bloody diarrhoea. Coccidiosis is caused by protozoa of the phylum Apicomplexa, family Eimeriidae. In poultry, most species belong to the genus Eimeria and infect various sites in the intestine. The infectious process is rapid (4–7 days) and is characterized by parasite replication in host cells with extensive damage to the intestinal mucosa.

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poultry production

Newcastle Disease in Poultry

Newcastle disease in poultry is endemic in Nigeria. The disease has been the most important disease of chickens in the country. Newcastle disease in poultry continues to be a serious economic threat to the poultry industry causing increased morbidity and mortality and loss of eggs for both breeding and human consumption. The disease is also known to cause some eggshell defects. The impact of Newcastle disease is most notable in domestic poultry due to the high susceptibility of poultry and the severe consequences of virulent strains on the poultry industries. The disease can result in significant economic impact from high morbidity and mortality accompanied by the inability to export product from flocks not known to be infected. There are numerous examples throughout the world in recent years creating sizable trade barriers. Additionally, when commercial poultry are infected with NDV strains of low virulence there may also be a negative economic impact, because of a reduction in productivity of the infected birds.

poultry production

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poultry production

Heat Stress In Poultry Production

Heat stress in poultry production can greatly hamper production and reduces the profitability of the poultry industry. High temperature can have a major impact on the performance of poultry birds when coupled with high humidity, the combination can be critical. There is, therefore, need to reconsider the management of poultry houses and equipment used in hot weather so that heat stress can be minimized. Heat stress in poultry production not only causes suffering but death in severe cases.

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Turkey Farming in Nigeria: Beginner’s Guide

Turkey farming in Nigeria is now gradually increasing because of the awareness and many benefits derived from rearing turkeys. Turkey supply eggs and can be source of meat and their multi-coloured plumage can be used for decorations. The poultry industry in Nigeria is expanding rapidly and meat and egg production is an important aspect in satisfying the undying needs and wants of the people.
Turkey population in Nigeria
Turkeys in Nigeria are primarily reared for meat or as breeders to produce hatching eggs. They are rarely kept for the production of table eggs though the eggs are edible. The growth of turkey industry in Nigeria has risen to 1.5- 2 million tons per year. This fast growth in the industry was made possible by intensification of production and development of large breeds with standard weights ranging from 15- 17kg for male and 8-10kg for females. Some of these come from homestead.

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poultry vaccine

Vaccination in Poultry Birds

Why do we vaccinate

Adequate vaccination is an essential part of a good poultry management and for the success of any poultry operation. Effective preventive procedures such as vaccination protect poultry flocks from many contagious and deadly diseases and have resulted in improved flock health and production effectiveness.

Vaccination cannot be a substitute for poor biosecurity and sanitation. Thus, vaccination programs may not completely protect birds that are under stress or in unhygienic conditions.

The primary objective of vaccinating any poultry flock is to reduce the level of clinical disease and to promote optimal performance.

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poultry production

Cost and Returns of Broiler production in Nigeria

Cost and returns of broiler production is often a critical factor to be considered once there is a concept to invest in broiler production cost and returns of broiler production in Nigeria is important so as to evaluate the viability of investment in broiler production for “return of investment cost” and profit, which however could be foreseeably determined based on certain regulating principles of broiler production.

Cost and Returns of Broiler production in Nigeria

Generally the regulating principles of broiler production, accounts for the optimistic and pessimistic views and approach towards the cost and returns estimation of broiler production so as to provide a clear and accurate situation for the expectation of investment in broiler production. However, the projection of the costs and returns of broiler production in Nigeria can be practically be unactualized, actualized even more so surprising, depending on the management of the broiler as with every other livestock. These principles are vital to provide a bankable business plan for an investor for broiler production. Read More

broiler production in Nigeria

Broiler production in Nigeria: A Good Start-up Business for every Agripreneur

Broiler production is a good start up business for every agripreneur in Nigeria. Even with the concept of “start small and grow big” or by massive deployment of capital for commercial start-up. Broiler production in Nigeria as a start-up business for every agripreneur provides an opportunity for a source of income, as well as a means to fulfil a need within and across the socio-economic populace of Nigeria. Agripreneurs, who wish to start up broiler production in Nigeria, like every other entrepreneurs, should be detailed about the (SWOT) Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats as peculiar to broiler production in Nigeria.
Strength of broiler production as can be perceived by an agripreneur include the fast return to investment nature of broiler production, due to short time required (6-8 weeks) for the production cycle and the ability for broiler meat to command a good price, which pays off the investment and production cost with allowance of substantial profit for the agripreneur within a shorter possible time; which however can only be actualized on the basis of good management.

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Egg distribution in Nigeria


Egg distribution is a very important aspect of poultry farming. Production of eggs is a major source of income for farmers who are into layer birds’ production. Egg distribution in Nigeria is a very lucrative business because, the demand for egg is very high in Nigeria. Egg helps supply protein to the body, build cell membranes which helps in producing molecules in the human brain, and also rich in vitamin A.

Many poultry farmers produces eggs on their farms, but do not know how to market their products or reach out to their target customers. Egg distributors’ helps to bridge this gap by going to poultry farms, buying their eggs at reduced price and transport them to the retailers or end consumers. Egg distribution in Nigeria is a business that guarantees a steady flow of income so far you know how it works.

Things to note when starting Egg distribution in Nigeria.

egg distribution in nigeria

Identify Your Target Market

Picking up eggs from farms is not the issue but your target market is what matters to you. Your target should be the highly populous environment. It could be markets anywhere, the mobility aspect makes you spread your distribution process all around. Once you know where and whom to distribute your eggs to, you will only need to go there directly. Read More

Poultry farming in Nigeria

Starting up Poultry farm in Nigeria: Beginner’s Guide

Poultry farming is a prominent aspect of agriculture, which involves the rearing of birds. Poultry farming in Nigeria, is important to the provision of animal protein. Poultry farming in Nigeria, has not yet fill the gap of the required poultry products; hence it validates poultry farming as a lucrative business to venture in.
The unfilled gap, by the existing poultry farmers in Nigeria, provides an investment source for entrepreneurs, who however should know some secrets to be able to drive their poultry enterprise to success.

Things to consider when starting poultry farming in Nigeria

To start a successful poultry farming in Nigeria, the poultry farmers, has to reflect on many subjects as the following:
Evaluation of market situation: Reliable market for the poultry farm inputs and products, is very important to the success of your poultry farm. Before venturing into poultry farming, it should be ensured that there is a reliable market for the purchase and sell of the poultry farm inputs and products at reasonable price. For start-up, survey on the sales of inputs as feed, drugs, farm equipment’s etc. demand of your poultry product (meat egg) in nearby restaurants, shops, households and the environs, help in the assessment of the market situation and for improvement in subsequent times. However, it is important to plan production according to the market situation and capital. Read More