Mushroom farming in Nigeria

Mushroom farming in Nigeria is one of the most unexplored farming ideas in this era, the search for an alternative for seasonal vegetables as brought mushroom farming to the limelight.
Mushroom is a type of fungi that grows on decaying material or soil that are moist. Mushrooms do not require sunlight for their growth, this is one of the reasons mushrooms are typically grown in shades where they only have access to oxygen which is needed for survival.

Health benefits of mushroom

• Edible mushroom as lots of health benefits apart from been a source of good protein and been delicious mushroom is said to be used in weight loss programs.
• Mushroom helps in combating non-cancerous tumor
• Mushroom is a good source of protein most especially for the diabetic patient because they require low salt intake.
• Mushroom contains about 85-90% water, this makes them good for a healthy digestive system.
• Mushroom serves as antibiotics which can be used to prevent or treat illness like high blood pressure, hypertension, wounds, and tumor.

Types of mushroom in Nigeria

Mushroom is of various types, but there are four common ones namely chanterelles, shiitake, morels, and oysters.
a) Chanterelles– it is very rich in vitamins C, D, it also contains a high amount of potassium.
b) Shiitake– this is mostly found in Asian countries, it is widely known to reduce tumors
c) Morel– morels mushroom contains a high amount of vitamin c and antioxidant. It also helps to protect the liver from toxic materials.
d) Oysters– oyster mushroom helps to reduce the cholesterol level in the body, the oyster mushroom is said to have antibacterial and anti-oxidant properties and lots of amino acids.

How to build a mushroom growing house

To start Mushroom farming in Nigeria, there are few things to put in consideration. This include:

Mushroom housing
Choosing a variety and medium
Choose a variety to cultivate, this can be based on your environment or target market. The medium to grow your mushroom can be sawdust, coco peat, log of wood etc.
Prepare the substrate
This is the material which provides nourishment for a plant to grow. For the purpose of this blogpost, sawdust will be chosen as our substrate. Firstly, partially decompose the sawdust to make it less acidic, this is done for a few days and watered. Heat the substrate for a few minutes to sterilise it to kill all micro-organisms that could be competing with the mushroom for nutrient, allow to cool and bag them in polythene bags.

mushroom farming in Nigeria
Spawning
Next thing to do is to inoculate the substrate that has been sterilised with mushroom seeds also known as mycelium. This process can also be called “spawning”.
After the inoculation, the spawned bags are taken into the incubation room, which is usually dark, after 4-5weeks they are transferred into the growth room where the mushroom have access to light which helps to stimulate their growth. Ensure the polythene bags are stacked together to allow them sprayed with water to keep them moist.
Any selected medium must be free from micro-organism.
Harvesting
Mushroom takes about 4-5weeks after incubation, after which it can be harvested every 24-36 hours. Once the mushroom is detached from the substrate or growing medium is ready to eat or it can be dried packaged for sale.

Mushroom market in Nigeria

Mushroom are sold in kilogram or grams with varying prices depending on location, but on the average a kilogram of mushroom is between #2000- #3000 in Nigeria.

Mushroom farming in Nigeria PDF

For more information about Mushroom Farming in Nigeria, download this PDF click here

Precision Agriculture in Nigeria

Farming has been made easy with precision agriculture. Precision agriculture in Nigeria has been in continuum development to tackle the variability of soil and crop conditions on farmland or field to ensures that farmers are enabled with technologies that increase profits while reducing risks. It is in continuous use to address the problem of misuse of agricultural land, inconsistency, and unsustainability while increasing productivity.
Isn’t it good if all farm management practices can be meticulously planned, monitored, and controlled before planting to storage and distribution stage using precise Agritech? Like asking how your crops or livestocks are doing at every stage and managing them to standard. Yes, this is what Precision Agriculture solves.

precision agricuture in Nigeria

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duck farming in Nigeria

Duck farming in Nigeria: Beginner’s Guide

Duck farming in Nigeria is one of the lucrative poultry farming venture practiced and in several parts of the world. Most times, it is known to be one of the underrated poultry farming in Nigeria because of the limited knowledge of its benefits and techniques. Ducks have a higher level and chances of productivity, which often requires low investment capital compared to most poultry farming, they can be raised commercially or by small-scale meat and egg production. Ducks are highly accessible around the world making it a very lucrative business to start up; the domestic ducks (waterfowls) are mainly reared to produce meat and egg. In Nigeria, local ducks can be raised on a free-range system varying from common species like; Muscovy, White Pekins, Aylesbury, Blue Swedish, Buff and several others.

Ducks are definitely water birds but they can also survive without water when kept in a house or on a free-range system, the same way any type of poultry bird is raised. Nevertheless, water is required for reproduction and mating purposes. Duck farming in Nigeria is practicable when necessary techniques and methods are observed.

duck farming in Nigeria

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How to Start Pineapple Farming in Nigeria: Beginners Guide

One of the Agribusiness ventures gaining more global attention is Pineapple Farming in Nigeria. There is an increase in demand for fresh pineapple and its juice globally, which has invariably created a readily available market, sales, and profit by these effects.
Pineapple has a worldwide cultivation coverage with Nigeria and Kenya leading the African-producing countries. Other leading producing countries are the Philippines, China, Thailand, India, and Brazil.
Its worldwide appeal stems from its sweetness and great flavour. Similarly, pineapple known nutritional and health benefits have contributed to its raw consumption, complementary purposes in fruit salads, and fruit cocktail. It is also processed into products such as wine, fruit juice, jam, and for ornamental purposes.

pineapple farming in Nigeria

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COVID-19 Pandemic Impacts on Agricultural Value Chain

COVID-19 Pandemic Impacts on Agricultural Value Chain

This is a brief recap of the online conference hosted by Agricincome Hub on COVID-19 Pandemic: Impacts on Agricultural Value Chain.
Agriculture is a key priority sector in Africa, employing 60% of the population. In Africa, 80% of the food production comes from small-scale farmers who reside in remote communities.
Already over 250 million people in Africa are without food. And on the current global shock of coronavirus, let me re-establish that:
– Most African countries have imposed some degree of restrictions to protect the populations from the spread of the virus.
– According to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Africa’s GDP growth is expected to drop from 3.2% to 1.8% which will likely increase the number of people without food in Africa.

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Lettuce Farming in Nigeria: Beginners Guide

Lettuce farming in Nigeria has grown into widespread cultivation either as backyard farming or commercial farming. Forget about your region, you can cultivate and make huge profit if the required establishment conditions are met. No more seasonality disadvantage as the cultivation hindrances has been settled by less-stress approach, technologies and agronomic practices. So, no more fear, you can plant and make a great return in this Agribusiness.
Lettuce is used in the preparation of salad and decoration of food all over the world. It is consumed raw or blended as a juice because of its attractive appearance and nutritional composition. It has been confirmed as a replacer for some vegetables like waterleaf, bitter leaf and pumpkins for common dishes in the Southern part of Nigeria.

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Hass Avocado farming in Nigeria

Hass Avocado is one of the untapped agricultural ventures in Nigeria. Hass Avocado farming in Nigeria has been brought to limelight because of its health benefits and export value. Hass avocado farming is a very lucrative agricultural business anyone can venture into. Hass avocado farming is a low-risk venture that requires a low-cost input, low maintenance, and less attention, with a readily available market worldwide.
According to the Avocado society of Nigeria (AVOSON), Nigeria can makeover 80 billion naira annually from Hass Avocado export if done commercially. This highlights the importance, acceptability, and marketability of Hass avocado throughout the world.

hass avocado farming in Nigeria

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Pepper Farming in Nigeria: Beginners Guide

Have you ever thought of diving into pepper farming in Nigeria? Get practicable ways to activate your thought into cash by starting a profitable pepper farm.
Pepper Farming has been one of the Agribusinesses coming into a more explorable aspect of spices and vegetable farming. Its culinary and overall health benefits have made it a-must-included spices that accompany everyone’s daily meal globally. Hence, there is a need to meet its diverse target of inclusion across all mixes by cultivating close to abundance in different parts of the world.

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Groundnut farming in Nigeria: Beginners Guide

Groundnut farming in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative businesses in the country because of the demand for its highly nutritious seed and most importantly the edible oil derived from the seed. Groundnut is a good source of cheap protein both to animals and human beings. Groundnut can be processed in various ways depending on the product one wants to derive from it. The nuts can be boiled, fried, roasted or it can be eaten with other meals. The nut from the groundnut is a good source of cooking oil. The nuts can also be crushed after local cake called kuli kuli can be made.
Interestingly, groundnut can be cultivated in a wide range of environments. However, groundnut is mainly planted in the Northern part of Nigeria in states like Kano, Kaduna, Adamawa, Borno, Taraba, and Bauchi, etc. because groundnut tends to do well in the arid or semi-arid regions.
Groundnut farming in Nigeria serves as a means of livelihood for small-scale farmers, most especially in the Northern part of Nigeria. Read More